Он: 2021
Судалгааны нэр: The state of informal employment in Mongolia
Судалгааны төрөл: Хөдөлмөрийн зах зээл
Судалгааны товч тайлбар: One of the most enduring social issues in Mongolia has been informal employment. Far from being unique to this country, this problem is a common feature of developing countries, one that requires appropriate solutions.

In 2015, the International Labour Organization (ILO) passed the Recommendation on the Transition from the Informal to the Formal Economy, 2015 (No. 204), which provides strategies and practical guidance on policies and measures that can facilitate the transition to formality and the protection that come with it. It acknowledges that most people enter the informal economy, not by choice, but due to a lack of opportunities in the formal economy and an absence of any other means of livelihood.

The Government of Mongolia implemented the Informal Employment Policy in three phases from 2006 to 2015. Although no specific policies or programmes are being currently applied to formalize the informal economy, important policy documents, including the Government Action Plan for 2020–24, the State Employment Policy for 2016–25 and Mongolia's long-term development policy “Vision–2050” contain such provisions concerning informal employment, such as the registration of workers in the informal economy and their inclusion in social insurance.

Informal workers continue to face many challenges in exercising their fundamentals labour rights, including, among others, freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining; the elimination of forced or compulsory labour; the abolition of child labour; and the elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation – as well as other rights such as the right to a workplace free of violence, and safe working conditions.

This survey was conducted in the right timing with purpose to collect information and data on the informal economy, including during the pandemic period, which will help the Government to develop and implement policies and measures to facilitate the transition from the informal to the formal economy.

“The state of informal employment in Mongolia: Survey report” presents the key findings and conclusions, particularly it depicts the general picture of informal employment and reasons for informal employment; identifies the opportunities and ways to formalize the informal economy; and informs about the prospects and expectations of informal workers, including business owners. In addition, the survey examined the impact of the global COVID-19 pandemic on the employment, enterprises and livelihoods of informal economy workers, as well as the effectiveness and accessibility of government responses to the pandemic.
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